The Roots of Western Culture. Chapter 6: Classical Humanism

In Kant’s thought the chasm dividing science and faith runs parallel to the chasm separating nature from freedom. This deserves special attention because it dearly demonstrates that the modern division be­tween faith and science, which in line with Kant many accept as a kind of gospel, is itself religious throughout. This must be dearly understood because this division between faith and science is used to disqualify every attempt at a biblically motivated inner reformation of scientific thought as an “attack on science itself.” But the separation itself is religious. Inspired by humanistic faith, this pretended division clashes with the true state of affairs. Wrestling to find his religious anchorage and to locate the firm ground of his life, modern man sought ultimate meaning in his autonomy and freedom as a rational, moral being. But this religious ground threatened to sink from under his feet since the classical science ideal left it no room. The first attempt to escape from this religious crisis consisted therefore in the separation of faith from sci­ence.

By Herman Dooyeweerd

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